Four key guidelines to properly storing the wines in your collection include temperature, humidity, light, and vibration.
The ideal temperature for storing wine is 55 degrees, though anywhere between 45-65 is considered okay. Why does this matter? If wine is too cold, it slows down the aging process or prevents the wine from aging properly. If the temperature is too warm, premature aging can occur. Wines that prefer cooler temperatures, such as 50 degrees include White burgundy, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Champagne. Wines that prefer a slightly higher temperature such as 58 degrees are hearty reds like Syrah, Cabernet, and vintage Port.
Wine does not like humidity. A medium-high humidity cellar that stays at 80% is the best place to store wine. Building your cellar with humidity and temperature controls is very important.
Wine does not benefit well from a great deal of light. If wine is exposed to direct sunlight or UV rays, it becomes “light struck” and can give wine an unpleasant smell. Unless your wine bottle is UV resistant, avoid the light!
Moving wine may have a negative effect on the wine such as disturbing the sediment, therefore avoiding vibration is ideal. Storing wine on its side is the best way to ensure the cork will not dry out and oxygen will not get in.
Now uncork that bottle and enjoy. Cheers!